Sun Safety Tips
Sun safety tips, facts about the sun and effects of sun on skin.
Do you enjoy the outdoors, extreme sports or sporting activities such as long distance running, cycling or mountain biking? Or do you just love to hit the beach and getting a sun tan? If you are exposed to the hot sun rays regularly, you need to know how to protect your skin from sun exposure. Even if you don't you are somewhat exposed to it, unless you stay indoor all day.
But you do need sunlight and to go out in the open at least about fifteen minutes, three times a week. Getting sunlight is beneficial because it helps triggers the increased production of the antidepressant hormone serotonin. It's one of the ways to drive out the blues. So one of the best things to do is to take precaution and abide by some sun safety tips so that you can save your skin.
Here are some facts about the sun and its effect on your skin.
- The sun's rays consist of UVA or ultraviolet A, UVB or ultraviolet B and UVC or ultraviolet C.
- The most powerful ray is UVA and it's able to penetrate windows, water and glass.
- The most harmful of the three is UVC. But because of the presence of the ozone layer, we are spared from the damaging effects of UVC.
- We get our sunburns from UVB. Excessive exposure causes blistering sunburns and may promote malignant melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer. Some people are turning to indoor tanning equipment to get the tan. But some studies have shown that tanning beds are also harmful because the equipment uses UVA rays to generate the tanning process.
- Exposure or too much of UVA and UVB contribute to premature skin aging, wrinkling, skin cancer, eye disorders, sunstroke or heat exhaustion and immune system damage. UVA and UVB rays contribute to the damage of unprotected hair causing it to lose elasticity, strength and becomes dry.
- According to the American Cancer Society, a person who experienced serious sunburn before the age of 20 has a higher risk of developing skin cancer later in life.
Simple and practical sun safety tips to apply to avoid extreme sunburns and sun stroke or heat stroke.
- Wear a hat or cap with a wide brim to protect your hair from the hot sun. If you don't want to cover your hair and to prevent the sun from damaging it, use hair care products with SPF protection.
- One of the easiest sun safety tips to follow is to schedule your outdoor activities. Avoid being out and about between 10 in the morning to 4 in the afternoon because the sun's rays are strongest during these hours.
- Wear light colored and loose clothing. Cotton is the best choice because it allows air to pass through and your sweat to evaporate.
- Use sunblock or sunscreen lotion, cream or gel. The higher the sun protection factor or SPF, the more effective it is to protect your skin against UVB. An SPF15 product for example, filters out more than 93% of UV-B radiation and an SPF30 product filters out slightly less than 97%. Always check the chemical content before buying. It's best to purchase chemical free sunscreen because some chemicals can cause allergic reaction or irritate your skin.
- Apply your sunscreen at least 30 minutes before going into the sun. Reapply every one and a half hour at a minimum.
- Wear sun glasses or shades to protect your eyes from disorders such as cataracts. Make sure that your shades come with UV coating.
- Drink plenty of water whenever you spend a lot of time in the sun before, during and after your exercise.
- If you are on vacation or holiday in a sunny or hot country, adapt to the new weather before you begin your outdoor activities.
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