Artificial Insemination History




Artificial Insemination History... There have been references to the idea of artificial insemination in history as early as the 1400s by King Henry the IV attempting to have his wife, Juana, artificially inseminated. The first medical literature in reference to artificial insemination in history was by John Hunter in 1790.

1940s. Nazi scientists performed artificial insemination experiments on those captured in concentration camps.

1949. Scientists developed safe means to freeze and thaw sperm.

1950. At Cornell University, it is reported that antibiotics can be added to sperm to keep it healthy through the artificial insemination process.

1953. The first pregnancy from artificial insemination was reported.

1970s. There is an entire industry surrounding artificial insemination and the entire industry is commercialized.

The basics of artificial insemination involve sperm being planted into the female reproductive tract to impregnate the female.

Artificial insemination in history was first tested on animals. A rabbit was the first animal to successfully become pregnant from this process. It is most often used with cows, the farmers choosing bulls with the best genetics to procreate with multiple cows.

By the end of the 1980s over 170,000 women underwent artificial insemination. Of those women over 60,000 women were successfully impregnated and gave birth. There were and still are some legal and religious issues associated with artificial insemination.

In Europe, for instance, some countries deem that women who undergo artificial insemination must declare the child as the offspring of her husband. Other countries do not this issue at all. There are numerous rights to be discussed when it refers to artificial insemination including the rights of sperm donors (especially privacy rights). Additionally, the ethics of sperm banks are sometimes in question.

There are two types of artificial insemination:

  1. The first is intracervical insemination. This is where sperm is placed in the cervix.
  2. The second type is intrauterine insemination which takes sperm and after washing injects the sperm into the uterus.

Many women who have a problem finding partners or who simply choose not to have male partners have used artificial insemination to become mothers.

The original use of artificial insemination was to help couples who were having problems conceiving. Since the first successful insemination, the use has progressed and evolved into a way for even the most nontraditional, but stable family to have children.


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